Accessibility is essentially about usability. Making sure your website is available to the widest possible audience regardless of their abilities or the device they are using to access the web.
- What is Accessibility?
- Access Keys
- Standards Compliance
- Navigation Aids
- Visual Design
What is Accessibility?
Accessibility in the context of web design has historically been about making it easier for people with visual or motor impairments to access and navigate your website. However, making websites accessible is not simply an ethical issue concerning the disabled, it is also a commercial one — placing any unnecessary barriers to entry to potential customers does not make good commercial sense.
So accessibility is about making sure your website meets the needs of as many people as possible (or practical), no matter what device they use to access the web.
The rest of this section describes the measures we have taken on this site to make it as accessible as possible.
Access Keys are simply keyboard short-cuts that provide a certain level of site navigation using the keyboard only. This obviously helps people with limited motor skills who may find using the mouse difficult. But it also helps anyone who is used to navigating their software using keyboard short-cuts.
Access Key Assignments
||Accessibility information including Access Key assignments
||Skip to content on current page
||Sitemap for Neurodesign.co.uk
Different browsers have different key combinations for using access keys, so please consult your browser help if you are unsure how to use them.
- All pages on this site validate as XHTML 1.0 Strict. You can confirm this by following the xhtml link at the bottom of any page, which submits that page to the W3C markup validation service.
- All stylesheets on this site pass W3C validation. You can confirm this by following the css link at the bottom of any page, which submits the stylesheets to the W3C CSS validation service.
- All pages on this site are Watchfire WebXACT (formerly known as Bobby) AAA approved, complying with all the WebXACT guidelines. This is, to some extent, a judgement call because many accessibility features cannot be measured. We have reviewed all the guidelines and believe that all these pages are in compliance.
- We believe that this site at least meets the WCAG guidelines for AA (Priority 2) compliance. We additionally believe that this site meets most, if not all of the AAA (Priority 3) guidelines. Again, the level of compliance with WCAG guidelines is a judgement call, because many guidelines are intentionally ambiguous and cannot be tested automatically.
- All pages on this site use structured semantic markup.
H2 tags are used for main titles,
H3 tags for subtitles. For example, on this page, JAWS users can skip to the next section within the accessibility statement by pressing ALT+INSERT+3.
- The contact details displayed on the Home Page and on the Contact Page are marked-up as an hCard microformat. Microformats are a set of simple, open data formats built upon existing and widely adopted standards. For more information visit the Microformats.org website.
- All site navigation elements are grouped together in the markup near the top of the document flow, below the page header.
- A Skip To Content link enables visitors to bypass the navigation elements and jump straight to the main content on the page.
- All navigation elements have been given descriptive
- The current page is indicated by a permanently highlighted menu item.
- All page links have a contrasting colour and a dotted underline. The exception to this rule are the links in the Find Out More section which are not underlined.
- Many links have
TITLE attributes which describe the link in more detail.
- Links are written to make sense out of context.
- Links to external sites are denoted by a small box and arrow graphic displayed to the right of the link like this. The
TITLE attribute is also used to further impress upon the visitor that the link will take them to an external site.
- All content images have been given descriptive
ALT attributes. Any purely decorative images have been given a null
- This site uses Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) for visual layout.
- This site uses only relative font sizes, compatible with the user-specified “text size” option in visual browsers.
- Each page is still readable using browsers or devices which do not support CSS.
In the U.K., any commercial website must comply with the Disability Discrimination Act.
In the U.S., Federal websites must comply with Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act.
Find out more...
If you are interested in finding out more about accessibility then below you will find a number of links to external resources on the subject:
- Web Accessibility and UK Law: Telling it Like It Is
- Article published by Trenton Moss in A List Apart on 9-April-2004.
- High Accessibility Is Effective Search Engine Optimization
- Article published by Andy Hagans in A List Apart on 8-November-2005.
- RNIB Web Access Centre
- The Web Access Centre is a source of information for web designers, developers, content authors and website managers.
- Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 1.0
- W3C Recommendation 5-May-1999.
- W3C Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI)
- Strategies, guidelines & resources to make the Web accessible to people with disabilities.
- Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (c.50)
- The official DDA website.
- Section 508: The Road to Accessibility
- Official website for Section 508 of the US Rehabilitation Act.
- The W3C Markup Validation Service
- This is the W3C Markup Validation Service, a free service that checks Web documents in formats like HTML and XHTML for conformance to W3C Recommendations and other standards.
- The W3C CSS Validation Service
- Check Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) and XHTML documents with style sheets.
- Watchfire WebXACT
- WebXACT is a free online service that lets you test single pages of web content for quality, accessibility, and privacy issues.
We hope you find the information contained on our site helpful. If you have any feedback or questions about this site, then please get in touch.